Rule of Law
Dicey’s rule of law encompasses both the material rule of law and the formal rule of law. The material rule of law requires the realization of a just legal order, and the formal rule of law requires the state activities to be based on laws that are consistent with the constitution. In his treatise, “Law of the Constitution”, he identified three principles, which together establish the rule of law:
(1) The absolute supremacy or [... Read More]
Last week the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation jointly released the 2014 Ease of Doing Business Index (EDBI), which compares the enabling environment for medium sized business to start up and operate in nearly 200 countries around the world. This year Bhutan ranked 141 out of 189 countries. This is an improvement of 7 positions from last year when we were ranked 148 out of 185 countries.
The EDBI ranking uses 10 indicators to [... Read More]
Institution building in the judiciary had to review internal structure, administrative and professional support and legal framework with vision and dynamism. His Majesty has introduced many institutional reforms which include, inter alia:
Introduction of the National Judicial Conference in 1976;
Appointment of efficient and professional Drangpons;
Establishment of Dungkhag Courts;
Introduction of National Legal Course;
Establishment of a separate Judicial Cadre in 1990;
Establishment of Post Graduate Diploma in National Law course; and
Establishment of the Royal Judicial Service Council and [... Read More]
The accession of His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck to the Golden Throne of as the Fourth Druk Gyalpo ushered in unprecedented reforms in economic, social, cultural, administrative, legislative, judicial and political spheres.
His Majesty’s vision was utilitarian for common good, with individual welfare. His inclusive vision with conclusive approach was unique and his contributions to the development of the country were enormous.
Judiciary of Bhutan
The judiciary is the institution, on which rests the noble edifice of the [... Read More]
Buddhist laws can generally be classified into two categories, natural laws –Rang bzhin gyi khrims as described in the bka‘gyur, Tri Pitaka, Bodhicharyavatara (spyod ‘jug) and bde smon, and positive laws – the bcas pa‘i khrims. Differentiation of natural law or positive law is explained in Nagersen and Milenda, which are so relevant and modern. In Buddhism, the positive laws include the six edicts of law, such as:
Khri stse ‘Bum bzher gyi khrims (Law of [... Read More]
The phrase soenam mawa me-ser and my reaction to it is keeping me awake at this midnight hour of 23 October 2013 in Jompa, the headquarters of Lauri Gewog.
During the day, participants from every household in the Gewog gathered for a public consultation meeting conducted for strategizing a way forward to complete the delayed rural electrification project.
Everyone expressed not-so-happy views on the huge amount of unpaid labour payment for carrying electric poles and other accessories. [... Read More]
After Dashain, Tihar is the second biggest festival of the Himali Hindu community. Tihar is celebrated every year among the Himali Hindu community with great pomp and grandeur. The five-day festival falls in October or November.
It is because of this unbroken chain of celebration, some people even call this festival as Yamapanchak or five-day long events related to Yamaraj (the god of death). The first two days of celebration are not as joyous as the [... Read More]
What is Law?
Humans aspired for salvation and liberation through spiritual, philosophical and intellectual pursuit to unlock mysteries and expose the truth. The quest for law was one of them.
Therefore, the history of natural law enshrines that the Greeks gave a conception of universal law for all mankind under which all men are equal and which is binding on all people. Two trends of thought existed among them. Firstly, the Sophists developed a skepticism in which [... Read More]
Teacher motivation and morale in Bhutan
Behind every famous face lies an unsung hero, i.e. a teacher who has provided the inspiration and motivation for success in life. Even an ordinary person reaches a peak in his/her respective field by virtue of his or her education and deeds, which are necessarily modeled and tailored by a teacher.
Teachers are arguably the most important group of professionals in any nation building. Teaching force being education system’s most important [... Read More]
Thousands of years have passed treading under the blazing trail of Lord Buddha, who said:
“I shall go to Banaras where I will light the lamp that will bring light unto the world. I will go to Banaras and beat the drums that will awaken mankind. I shall go to Banaras and there I shall teach the Law.” 1
It is that statement of law, which inspired humanity. Basking in the glory of the radiance of Lord [... Read More]
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