Copyright-based industries contributed to 5.5 percent of GDP and 10.1 percent of total employment according to the department of intellectual property’s annual magazine 2018.
This was based on the only study published in 2011 on copyright-based industries (CBIs) in the country. The study stated that CBIs employed more than 25,000 persons and accounted to Nu 3009 million of total GDP in 2008.
WIPO based their study on secondary data sourced from National Statistics Bureau. Primary data was gathered through a structured questionnaire survey carried out between October and November 2009 and also on semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions.
According to the study, the contribution of CBIs to GDP was only 2.8 percent in 2001, which increased by almost five-fold by 2008. The contribution of copyright industries to GDP varied significantly across countries from over 11 percent in the USA to under 2 percent for Brunei. The average contribution to GDP from CBIs was 5.18 percent.
Copyright-based industries, according to WIPO, are industries engaged in the creation, production and manufacture, performance, broadcast and communication, among others, that are subject to right protection.
CBIs relate to core copyright industries, those producing goods that are copyright protected, and non-core copyright industries that support or are inter-related to core copyright industries.
CBIs related to press and literature made the highest of 43 percent economic contribution followed by radio and television with 17 percent. Software and database related firms contributed to eight percent of GDP. The least of 3 percent came from advertising agencies in the country.
The study showed that about 47 percent of the labour involved in CBIs was females but they received only 14.5 percent of share in the total compensation of employees. “This may be because of a few female employees at higher positions who are better paid. The difference could be due to the female labour employed in CBIs being less skilled than their male counterparts.”
Since the launch of Voluntary Deposit and Registration System (VDRS) in 2012 by the copyright division, the division registered 21 works and received the highest registration of 100 works in 2015. There are no applications filed for derivative works to date.
During the first three years, the revenue collected by the division from registration fees alone was between Nu 300,000 and Nu 500,000. The highest amount of the fees was collected in the FY 2015-2016 at Nu 340,000, attributed mainly to increase in the number of foreign fillings.
The department’s annual publication mentioned that there was a need to continue with awareness programmes by improving and developing new promotional materials to suit the need of changing time and taste of people to enhance awareness amongst the people.