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Students in remote schools perform better in Dzongkha

Schools should emphasise on effective teaching-learning processes especially in teaching Mathematics, Dzongkha and English subjects, according to the Competency Based Assessment Test (CBAT), 2018.

Bhutan Council for School Examinations and Assessment (BCSEA) released the 2018 CBAT for class VI recently.  CBAT, a year-end assessment report, stated that CBAT present the findings of students’ achievement and the performance trend across the five subjects, Dzongkha, English, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.

The overall student’ performance was highest in Science with a mean score of 61.35 followed by Dzongkha (55.48) and Social Studies (54.47) respectively.

The report recommended that schools should collaborate and promote exchange of professional expertise to enhance good teaching-learning practices including professional development programme for teachers in their subject knowledge and pedagogical competencies.

CBAT is aimed to study the performance trend of grade VI students in CBAT (2016-2018), provide authentic feedback to stakeholders on students’ performance for policy interventions, and provide feedback to stakeholders on students’ performance.

The report found that female students performed slightly better than male students across all subjects except in Mathematics while over the years, the performance of students across all subjects has remained inconsistent.

“There is a need to institute strong reading culture in both Dzongkha and English, strengthen teacher model reading, offer literary activities and reading materials,” the report recommended. “Schools should use appropriate strategies in teaching-learning process.”

Students in Trashiyangtse secured the highest mean score in Dzongkha (62.14) followed closely by students of Trashigang (61.76), while the students of Gelephu Thromde secures the least (43.00). However, Gelephu Thromde out performed in the Mathematics and Social Studies.

A total of 1,097 students’ data from 219 schools were analysed, of which, 1,066 students were from public schools and 31 students from private schools. 519 students were male and 578 female.

In English, students of Thimphu Thromde secured the highest followed by Haa and least by the students of Sarpang. Students of Samdrupjongkhar Thromde secured the highest mean score in Science (68.00) while Thimphu students secured the least with 56.26.

Going by the performance of students in various school locations, students in “very remote” performed better in Dzongkha followed by students studying in remote and “difficult” areas. While students in urban and semi-urban performed best in English and Mathematics, students from “difficult location” performed better in both Science and Social Studies.

According to the report, students in private schools outperformed the students in public schools across all the subjects.

The report is available on the BCSEA’s website.

Yangchen C Rinzin

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